GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR FIXING GLAZED CERAMIC TILES ONTO INTERIOR RENDERED WALLS, AND FIXING GLAZED CERAMIC FLOOR TILES ONTO INTERIOR SURFACE BEDS AND SUSPENDED SLABS

 

Please note that ‘general’ specifications are issued for information purposes, and should not be used as project specifications.  

As each and every project needs to be assessed individually on its own merits and characteristics please contact the TAL Technical Advice Centre for a project-specific detailed materials and methods specification for specific projects.  

 

It is important that the tile selected is suitable for the application, preferably against a written Supplier’s specification.  Factors such as water absorption, irreversible moisture expansion, MOR and PEI ratings, chemical resistance and overall stability of the product need to meet the requirements of the service conditions.  

The backs of all tiles must be clean and free from dust and contaminants.

 

Please note that any “wet” areas, such as showers or balconies, should be waterproofed using TAL SUPERFLEX I or TAL SUREPROOF waterproofing compounds prior to commencing tiling.  Please feel free to contact us for a specification for waterproofing and tiling these areas, as well as for technical literature on any of our products.

 

TAL PRODUCT REQUIREMENTS

The TAL products required for this installation are as follows:

TAL KEYCOAT *

TAL PROFESSIONAL

TAL BOND / TAL BOND POWDER

TAL WALL & FLOOR GROUT

NOTCHED TROWELS

SPACERS

TAL SEALMASTER CORD

TAL GOLDSTAR SEALMASTER 1000

 

Special note must be taken of the following:

Adhesive System:

We have specified TAL Professional conventional (standard-setting) cementitious adhesive for the installation of the ceramic tiles.  It must be noted that, when using conventional adhesives, it is imperative that newly installed tiles are not trafficked or grouted for a minimum of 24 hours after installation.  If the tiles are disturbed (trafficked) before the adhesive has set sufficiently the adhesive bond may be broken, resulting in the tiles being loose or hollow sounding.

If quicker access is required we recommend that TAL GOLDSTAR 12 quick-setting high strength adhesive (grout after 6 – 8 hours, trafficable after 12 hours) be used.   

 

Surface Beds:  

All surface beds should have a damp proof membrane (DPM / DPC).  Should there be no damp proof membrane below a surface bed or if prevailing moisture levels do not attain 5% (75% RH) or less, it is recommended that TAL X-CALIBUR X-SHIELD VAPORSTOP HB (vapour barrier) be applied prior to tiling to eliminate potential problems associated with excessive moisture in the substrate (such as slow- or non-curing of the adhesive, efflorescence on grout and porous tiles, etc).

TAL X-CALIBUR X-SHIELD VAPORSTOP HB is a moisture tolerant, 100% solids epoxy barrier coat that prevents the passage of water vapour and moisture through concrete slabs.

Please contact TAL for more information on the application of VAPORSTOP HB.

 

Suspended Applications:

Tiling onto SUSPENDED concrete slabs require special precautions to be taken as the installation is prone to increased movement caused by slab deflection and creep, loading on the slab, etc. TAL BOND or TAL BOND POWDER needs to be incorporated in the adhesive and grout mix, or a single part flexible adhesive such as TAL PROFLEX needs to be used to allow for the increased movement.

NOTE : All Ground Floor levels with Basement / Parking levels below should be construed as SUSPENDED slabs.    

 

Tile Panel Movement Joints & Perimeter Joints:

It should be noted that the lack of movement joints in a tile panel, or poorly constructed joints,  is a major cause of tile failure.  Joints must be created at the required spacing and must be well raked out to remove all traces of adhesive residues, debris, contamination, etc, ie the joint must extend through the tile and tile adhesive layers. These joints must be filled with TAL GOLDSTAR SEALMASTER 1000 Polyurethane Joint Sealant (and suitable backing cord where applicable) in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

(See later detail of correctly constructed tile panel movement joint and perimeter joint.)

 

GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR FIXING GLAZED CERAMIC TILES ONTO INTERIOR RENDERED WALLS

 

 

 

 

 

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